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Executive Order Provides PPP Loans Not Subject to Florida Doc Stamps Tax

April 07, 2020

By: Amanda Wilson and Matt O'Kane

The Paycheck Protection Program included in the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (the “CARES Act”) allows businesses with 500 or fewer employees to receive federally-guaranteed loans to pay payroll costs, rent, and certain other expenses in an effort to keep these employees on their employer’s payroll. The program provides for subsequent loan forgiveness if the employer retains its employees and satisfies other requirements (a discussion of these requirements can be found here).

As Florida businesses rush to apply for Paycheck Protection Program loans, an unexpected cost of these loans was surfacing. The State of Florida imposes a documentary stamp tax on promissory notes and other written promises to pay a sum certain signed or delivered in the State of Florida. As a result, the tax would, absent governmental action, apply to Paycheck Protection Program loans. 

On Monday, Governor DeSantis issued Executive Order Number 20-95, which provides that the Florida documentary stamp tax would not apply to any of these loans. Absent this action, Florida small businesses receiving these loans would have been subject to tax at the rate of 35 cents per $100 of principal (or portion thereof), subject to a maximum tax of $2,450. This executive order provides some additional relief for small businesses struggling in the face of the coronavirus pandemic.

It should be noted that the executive order was explicitly limited to Title I of the CARES Act, which governs the Paycheck Protection Program. The executive order does not extend to Title IV of the CARES Act, which provides for a $500 billion loan program for large businesses and municipalities. 

Be sure to visit our Coronavirus (COVID-19) Response Team page to keep up-to-date on the latest news.

This article is informational only. You should consult an attorney before acting or failing to act. The law may change rapidly and no warranty is given. LOWNDES DISCLAIMS ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES AND WITHOUT LIMITATION, ANY WARRANTY OF FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. ALL ARTICLES ARE PROVIDED AS IS AND WITH ALL FAULTS. Consult a Lowndes attorney if you wish to establish an attorney/client relationship.

A member of the firm’s tax practice, Amanda Wilson concentrates on federal tax planning and structuring. She represents clients in a wide variety of complex federal tax matters with a particular emphasis on pass-through entities such as partnerships, S corporations and real estate investment trusts.

Specifically, Amanda focuses on advising clients on the formation, operation, acquisition and restructuring of such pass-through entities. In addition, she regularly advises clients on the structuring and operation of private equity funds, real estate funds and timber funds. Amanda is the author of the Bloomberg Tax Management Portfolio 718-3rd Edition, Partnerships- Disposition of Partnership Interests or Partnership Business; Partnership Termination.

Amanda regularly works in structuring deals to benefit from tax advantaged structures, including like-kind exchanges, new market tax credits, low income housing tax credits, qualified opportunity zones, and investment tax credits available for solar and other renewable energy. Amanda also has extensive experience in corporate planning and international tax matters, as well as federal tax controversy. Her practice before the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) includes providing advice on audits and appeals, drafting protests and ruling requests, and negotiating settlements.

Prior to joining the firm, Amanda worked for Sutherland Asbill & Brennan LLP (now Eversheds Sutherland), an Am Law 100 firm in the Atlanta office, where she was part of Sutherland’s Tax Practice Group. Amanda has also served as an adjunct professor at Emory University School of Law where she taught Partnership Taxation.

Amanda regularly contributes to the firm’s Taxing Times blog and is a regular panelist on tax webinars hosted by Strafford Publications.


Matt O’Kane has a broad background in federal tax, Florida state tax, estate planning and U.S. taxation of foreign investors. He counsels clients on a broad range of federal tax issues and business planning issues from entity selection and formation to dissolutions.

Matt advises clients on Florida state tax issues and represents clients in controversies involving the Florida Department of Revenue. He has lectured on Florida sales tax, documentary stamp tax and intangible tax.

He regularly counsels clients on a broad range of wealth transfer issues including estates, gift and generation skipping transfer tax planning, irrevocable trust planning, charitable planning, and family limited partnerships. He also advises nonresident clients with regard to their U.S. investments.

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