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President Biden Signs Executive Order Targeting Non-Competes

July 15, 2021

By: Abood Shebib & Melody Lynch

Last Friday, July 9, 2021, the White House issued a 20-page executive order on “Promoting Competition in the American Economy” aiming to create an “open and competitive economy” where workers have the “economic freedom to switch jobs or negotiate a higher wage.” The order seeks to spur a “whole-of-government approach” to increase competition in the labor market, doing so in part by targeting non-compete clauses and agreements, which the order states are used by “powerful companies” against workers to “restrict their ability to change jobs.”

Non-compete agreement clauses or agreements are contractual in nature and usually consist of an employee’s promise not to compete with the employee’s employer while employed as well as for a specific time after the employment ends. Non-competes are also usually limited to a certain geographic area and scope of business. They can also include a promise not to solicit the employer’s clients or work for the employer’s competitors.

Florida law generally upholds non-compete agreements that place reasonable restrictions on the time, geography, and area of business covered by the non-compete so long as one or more legitimate business interests justify the non-compete.

While the order’s scope extends beyond addressing non-competes, touching upon worker licensure requirements and employer wage collusion, for example, the order has a brief but broad section on non-competes.

The order encourages the Federal Trade Commission (“FTC”) to address “agreements that may unduly limit workers’ ability to jobs” by considering issuing new rules to “curtail” the use of “non-compete clauses and other clauses or agreements” that may “unfairly limit worker mobility.” Specifically, the sole portion of the order addressing non-competes reads:

“To address agreements that may unduly limit workers’ ability to change jobs, the Chair of the FTC is encouraged to consider working with the rest of the Commission to exercise the FTC’s statutory rulemaking authority under the Federal Trade Commission Act to curtail the unfair use of non-compete clauses and other clauses or agreements that may unfairly limit worker mobility.”

Additionally, the order broadly encourages the FTC to issue additional rules relevant to any “unfair industry-specific practices that substantially inhibit competition.”

A “fact sheet” accompanying the order gives some potential details as to the industries the Biden administration may most want to target concerning use of non-competes. The fact sheet specifically singles out the construction and retail sectors as requiring millions of workers to sign non-compete agreements, making it harder for workers in those industries to switch jobs or get better pay.

The fact sheet further emphasizes that the order encourages the FTC to “ban or limit non-compete agreements,” stating banning or limiting non-compete agreements will help raise workers’ wages and allow them to change jobs more easily.

What does this mean in practical terms? Well, the FTC has yet to issue any rules or act on the order’s encouragement. But, it’s a safe bet to expect some changes. What exactly those changes will be are yet to be known.

Of note is the order’s broad language concerning “other clauses or agreements” that may “unfairly limit worker mobility” or “inhibit competition.” Such language could be read as encouraging the FTC to not only take action regarding non-compete clauses, but also clauses or agreements that forbid a former employee from soliciting the customers of a former employer or even old coworkers. How far the FTC takes its new mandate and in what direction—as well as how any new rule will impact Florida law regarding non-competes—remain to be seen.

We will continue to monitor for new developments and provide updates and analysis regarding any rules the FTC issues in response to the order. In the meantime, employers may wish to revisit their existing non-compete and non-solicitation agreements and discuss the same with legal counsel.

If you have questions about potential impacts to your existing non-compete clauses and agreements, the Lowndes Labor & Employment Law Group is here to help.

This article is informational only. You should consult an attorney before acting or failing to act. The law may change rapidly and no warranty is given. LOWNDES DISCLAIMS ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES AND WITHOUT LIMITATION, ANY WARRANTY OF FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. ALL ARTICLES ARE PROVIDED AS IS AND WITH ALL FAULTS. Consult a Lowndes attorney if you wish to establish an attorney/client relationship.

Abood Shebib is an attorney in the firm’s Labor and Employment Group. He primarily focuses his practice on representing employers in complex employment litigation matters, including matters involving the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA); Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964; the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA); the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA); the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA); and the Family Medical Leave Act (FMLA). He works with a wide range of clients, from individuals and small businesses to Fortune 100 companies.

Abood has extensive experience handling all aspects of the employment litigation process in both state and federal court. In addition to preparing dispositive motions, including motions for summary judgment and motions to dismiss, taking and defending depositions, and arguing motions in court, he regularly conducts investigations and responds to charges of discrimination before the Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) and the Florida Commission on Human Relations (FCHR). Abood counsels clients on litigation avoidance strategies, as well as assisting with settlements and releases and the termination and discipline of employees.

With a background in commercial litigation, Abood also has experience advising clients on matters involving business litigation, trademark litigation and contract disputes in federal and state court.

Abood earned his undergraduate degree in Biology from the University of Arkansas and his law degree cum laude from the University of Florida Levin College of Law. While in law school, he served as a judicial intern to Magistrate Judge Monte C. Richardson of the U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Florida, Jacksonville Division and as a certified legal intern in the Office of the Public Defender for the Eighth Judicial Circuit. He was also an intern in the Office of the Vice President and General Counsel for the University of Florida. Shortly after graduating from law school, Abood interned with Judge James S. Moody in the U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Florida, Tampa Division. 


Melody Lynch focuses her practice on probate, trust & fiduciary litigation, contested guardianships, and complex business disputes. Her MBA complements her law degree when she analyzes financial statements and handles other complicated issues involving assets. 

A significant portion of Melody’s practice is devoted to resolving conflicts among family members and other estate beneficiaries, fights over missing assets and property ownership, claims by or against fiduciaries, guardianship challenges, and other proceedings requiring the interpretation of wills and trusts. She frequently helps charitable organizations, foundations, trustees and other institutional beneficiaries of large estates navigate the probate process. Whether in or out of the courtroom, Melody handles these delicate – and often emotional – issues not just with legal proficiency but with compassion as well.  

Melody’s experience extends to other business disputes too, particularly in the employment law arena with matters involving restrictive covenants as well as non-compete and non-disclosure agreements. She has protected employers in a wide range of industries, including medical devices, pest control, physicians and physician practices. 

In addition, she is a Guardian ad Litem for the Legal Aid Society where she represents the interests of abused and neglected children. She also is a pro bono attorney for Seniors First where she represents the interests of indigent elderly wards. 

The court room isn’t the only stage on which Melody has appeared. Before pursuing her career in law, Melody attended college on a ballet scholarship and was an apprentice dancer with a professional ballet company. A native of Orlando, her passion for both the arts and the area informs her leadership roles in the Central Florida community. She serves as president-elect of the Orlando Philharmonic Orchestra, was named to the prestigious Orlando Business Journal’s "40 under 40" list, and was awarded the Presidential Leadership Award by the Orange County Bar Association. 


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